Developed by Hiroko Watanabe, RN, MS and Kazuko Suzuki, RN, PHN, PhD. This model is described in many books written by Watanabe et al. The most frequently cited textbook is “Kazoku kangogaku. Riron to Jissen” [in Japanese]. This model is used extensively in nursing education and practice in Japan.
Website (Japanese): Nihon Kangokyoukai Publisher’s Inc.