Framework of Systemic Organization

Developed by Marie-Luise Friedemann, RN, PhD and described in “ The Framework of Systemic Organization” (1995).  Website:

The practical application of Dr. Friedemann’s theoretical framework has largely been taken up in Europe for the last 25 years. She has written a book in German that is now in its 3rd edition. Her framework is integrated in many nursing school curricula throughout German-speaking Europe. One Bachelor program at the Evangelische Fachhochschule Berlin, the first in Germany, is entirely based on Friedemann’s framework.  Dr. Friedemann’s ideas have also influenced family nursing care in Switzerland, Columbia (and across Latin America), and the Philippines. She consults with hospitals, home health agencies, hospices, and nursing homes.

A extensive bibliography of Dr. Friedemann’s publications is included on her Website